1000 Facts on Modern History by John Farndon

By John Farndon

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C'1l115, ill /429. She thell took the Dnllplllll to Rlleill/s, to ve crolvlled C/1I1rles Vll. Knights ••••••• • • Knights were the elite fighting men of the Middle Ages, highly trained for combat both on horseback and on foot. • Knights always wore armour. At first, the armour was simply shirts of mail, made from linked rings of iron. By the 1400s, most knights wore full suits of plate armour. • Knights rode into battle on a horse called a destrier, or warhorse, and usually had an easy-going horse called a pal fry just for travelling, plus a packhorse called a sumpter.

The hal/se grew into a very powerful Hanseatic League that monopolized trade around the Baltic Sea. • The Hanseatic League set up special areas in cities across north Europe and controlled most trading routes. The League also put financial pressure on kings and lords to keep them at peace, and not to disrupt trade. • Hanseatic merchants brought raw materials, spices and silks from eastern Europe and traded them for cloth, linen, silverware and woollen clothes from the west. 1000 Facts on Modern History ~ Riclles FOIII tIle Hn/1seotic traders Ileiped H(lIl1burg build n grent wthedml i/1 tile Middle Ages.

47 The Renaissance • • • ••••••• •• • ... This portrnyal of Carl's Crcat/oll of Man COIIICS fro III thc grcnt RCII{/[SSGIICC artist M ichela IIgelo's fa 1II01lS palll tll/gs all thc c('{llIIg 0/ thc 5,StIIlC CI/{/pcl, III ROil/C. • • 48 • The Renaissance was the great revolution in arts and ideas in Italy between the 1300s and the 1500s. • Renaissance is French for 'rebirth', because it was partly about a revival of interest in the works of the classical world of Greece and Rome. • The Renaissance began when many people started to doubt that the Church had all the answers.

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