By Yongxiang Lu
A heritage of chinese language technology and Technology (Voulumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with Ancient chinese language technological know-how and expertise within the means of HumanCivilizations and AnOverview of old chinese language technological know-how and Technology, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous concerns within the heritage of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with issues on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture, and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological components heavily on the topic of garments, meals, preserve, and transportation. This publication is the main authoritative paintings at the background of chinese language technological know-how and expertise. it's the Winner of the China booklet Award, the Shanghai booklet Award (1st prize), and the China Classics foreign (State management of Press, ebook, Radio, movie and tv of The People’s Republic of China) and provides an important source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures provided to most sensible chinese language leaders, which bought very optimistic suggestions. Written by way of most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of Nature Sciences, chinese language educational Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language enterprises, the publication is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technology, philosophy of technological know-how and know-how, and similar disciplines.
Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences.
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Extra resources for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3
In the Qing Dynasty, a large number of buildings were built during the reigns of Yongzheng and Qianlong. The construction periods were not long, in large part thanks to the high degree of standardization. One of the most prominent achievements of the Qing-Dynasty architecture is garden construction. The three mountains and five gardens in the western suburbs Architecture Technology 25 of Beijing and Chengde Mountain Resort were all newly created gardens and hunting grounds. Absorbing the essence of southern gardens, they were far more advanced in scale and level than their counterparts in the Ming Dynasty.
Fu method of using important courtyard as area modulus also emerged. , in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, are the most magnificent masterpieces with the richest spatial variation, and the best demonstration for the characteristics of the courtyard-style layout. The first three halls in the outer palace, the two halls behind the imperial palace and secondary palaces, respectively, took square grids 10, 5, and 3 zhang’s as the layout benchmarks, and the areas of the two palaces behind the imperial palace as the area modulus to reflect the domination of imperial power over everything.
They also created particular urban streetscape and contour. The regular alleys in ancient China, spacious wide streets network, focused palace cities, government seats, government offices, and Bell and Drum Towers, created a special appearance of ancient Chinese city. However, it is not difficult to see the project that when those cities initially emerged, they were to a considerable extent aimed at controlling residents and at the expense of their convenience. Jian was taken as the basic units of buildings, and several parallel jian’s were put together into a house.