By Peter Gatrell
"... a sign contribution to a starting to be literature on a phenomenon that has develop into tragically pervasive within the twentieth century.... This hugely unique account combines exemplary empirical study with the really apt software of different the way to discover the far-reaching ramifications of 'a entire empire walking.'" -- Vucinich Prize citation"An very important contribution not just to fashionable Russian heritage but additionally to an ongoing repositioning of Russia in broader eu and international old processes.... elegantly written... hugely innovative." -- Europe-Asia stories Drawing on formerly unused archival fabric in Russia, Latvia, and Armenia and on insights from social and demanding idea, Peter Gatrell considers the origins of displacement and its political implications and offers a detailed research of humanitarian tasks and the relationships among refugees and the groups within which they settled.
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Additional resources for A Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia during World War I (Indiana-Michigan Series in Russian and East European Studies)
He supported, albeit from a different standpoint, Neidgardt’s view that civilians should remain in their homes. Lednicki believed this was their “patriotic duty”; in contrast to Neidgardt, however, his sense of national obligation re®ected a belief that the Polish “homeland” deserved better of Russia. 113 The opposite view was articulated by G. G. Zamyslovskii, who maintained that those who stayed behind were likely to be conscripted by the enemy to dig trenches, repair railway track, and supply foodstuffs.
G. Kurlov, ordered the evacuation of workers on 17 July 1915. Following consultations with the local war industry committee, Kurlov drew up a schedule for the removal of highly skilled workers along with their factories, to be followed by workers whose departure was to be approved by the local labor exchange, after conferral with employers in European Russia. A third category comprised workers who left voluntarily. In practice, most workers evacuated themselves more or less spontaneously, clambering onto goods wagons and making their way to the Russian interior as best they could.
88 German shops and warehouses in Moscow were subject to frenzied looting and arson over several days at the end of May 1915. These attacks took place against the background of further government legislation, directed particularly at German smallholdings. AntiGerman sentiment could also be mobilized to attack a different target: some Russians, arguing that the process of expropriation did not go far or fast enough, blamed this lack of vigor on the supposed pro-German sympathies of the imperial court.