By Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi
Job concept -- a conceptual framework initially constructed by means of Aleksei Leontiev -- has its roots within the socio-cultural culture in Russian psychology. The foundational idea of the idea is human job, that's understood as useful, mediated, and transformative interplay among humans and the realm. because the early Nineteen Nineties, job concept has been a visual landmark within the theoretical panorama of Human-Computer interplay (HCI). besides another frameworks, comparable to dispensed cognition and phenomenology, it tested itself as a number one post-cognitivist strategy in HCI and interplay layout. during this booklet we talk about the conceptual foundations of job conception and its contribution to HCI research.
After making the case for thought in HCI and in short discussing the contribution of job idea to the sphere (Chapter One) we introduce the old roots, major rules, and ideas of job idea (Chapter Two). After that we current in-depth analyses of 3 concerns which we think about of certain significance to present advancements in HCI and interplay layout, particularly: enterprise (Chapter Three), event (Chapter Four), and activity-centric computing (Chapter Five). We finish the publication with reflections on demanding situations and customers for additional improvement of task thought in HCI (Chapter Six).
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Additional info for Activity Theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections
By appropriating a tool, and integrating it into activities, human beings also appropriate the experience accumulated in the culture. Elaborate practices revolving around creating, organizing, and maintaining tools are vital accomplishments of human beings, differentiating us from other animals. THE CONCEPT OF ACTIVITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHE 23 The use of tools is closely related to other factors influencing the development of the mind, namely, the use of language and the division of labor.
The principle of object-orientedness applies differently to animals and human beings. Animals live in a structured world of natural objects which are material and mostly have direct positive or negative meanings and values, provide affordances for action, and so forth. Human beings live in a predominantly man-made world, where objects are not necessarily physical things: they can be intangible, but they can still be considered “objects” as long as they objectively exist in the world. For instance, the objects of learning a new language or making a company profitable are impossible to touch, physically weigh, or measure with a ruler.
Leontiev did just that by developing his own line of arguments and proposing his own hypothesis about the emergence of psyche in biological evolution. These arguments and hypothesis can be summarized as follows. ” Organisms are not passively influenced by the environment; they develop their own internal and external responses using their own energy. This THE CONCEPT OF ACTIVITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHE 21 responsiveness, according to Leontiev, can be of two different types. First, organisms can respond to stimuli that produce direct biological effects.