American Indian Rhetorics of Survivance: Word Medicine, Word by Ernest Stromberg

By Ernest Stromberg

American Indian Rhetorics of Survivance offers an unique serious and theoretical research of yankee Indian rhetorical practices in either canonical and formerly ignored texts: autobiographies, memoirs, prophecies, and oral storytelling traditions. Ernest Stromberg assembles essays from more than a few educational disciplines that examine the rhetorical concepts of local American orators, writers, activists, leaders, and intellectuals.

The participants reflect on rhetoric in huge phrases, starting from Aristotle's definition of rhetoric as “the school . . . of getting to know within the specific case what are the on hand technique of persuasion,” to the ways that local american citizens assimilated and revised Western rhetorical recommendations and language to shape their very own discourse with eu and American colonists. They relate the ability and use of rhetoric in treaty negotiations, written money owed of historical conflicts and occasions, and ongoing family members among American Indian governments and the U.S..

This is a groundbreaking assortment for readers attracted to local American matters and the learn of language. In providing an exam of previous and current local American rhetoric, it emphasizes the necessity for a stronger knowing of multicultural views.

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Broadside Collection, American Antiquarian Society. d. Red Jacket Obituary. Niles Weekly Register, February 13, 1830. 411. , ed. Narratives of Early Mission Work on the Niagara Frontier and Buf- RED JACKET’S RHETORIC 33 falo Creek. Publications of the Buffalo Historical Society. Buffalo, 1903. Vol. 6, 163–380. Sheehan, Bernard W. Seeds of Extinction: Jeffersonian Philanthropy and the American Indians. Chapel Hill, NC: U of North Carolina P, 1973. Speeches Delivered by Several Indian Chiefs. New York: Samuel Wood, 1810.

Ed. John Rhodehamel. New York: Library of America, 1997. White, Richard. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650–1815. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991. Wilkinson, Charles F. ” Indians in American History. Ed. Frederick E. Hoxie. Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1988. 117–34. 1 He was perhaps the most successful activist on behalf of Indian rights in the antebellum United States. 2 Thus he can be described as what literary historian Bernd Peyer calls a “transcultural individual” (17), incorporating elements from different cultures into his identity.

For Jefferson, “our strength and their weakness is now so visible that they must see we have only to shut our hand to crush them”; ironically, for Jefferson this power—and implicit threat—validated United States’ claims “that all our liberalities to them proceed from motives of pure humanity only” (Jefferson 1118). Thus American leaders balanced reason and feeling, calculation and disinterested friendship. Native people might have hoped that they would not be loved to death, or that Jefferson’s velvet glove would not close so tightly on them so frequently—this would prove to be a tough love indeed.

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