Anthropology Goes to the Fair: The 1904 Louisiana Purchase by Nancy J. Parezo

By Nancy J. Parezo

World’s festivals and commercial expositions constituted a phenomenally profitable pop culture stream in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. as well as the most recent technological concepts, every one exposition showcased advertisement and cultural shows, leisure concessions, nationwide and company monitors of wealth, and indigenous peoples from the colonial empires of the host country.
As scientists claiming really expert wisdom approximately indigenous peoples, specifically American Indians, anthropologists used expositions to advertise their quest for pro prestige and authority. Anthropology is going to the Fair takes readers during the 1904 Louisiana buy Exposition to work out how anthropology, as conceptualized through W J McGee, the 1st president of the yankee Anthropological organization, showcased itself via courses, static monitors, and dwelling shows for thousands of individuals  “to exhibit each one 1/2 the area how the opposite part lives.” greater than thousand local peoples negotiated and portrayed their very own agendas in this global degree. The reader will see how anthropology itself used to be replaced within the process.

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To precipitate a showdown, Langley used a minor scandal to attack McGee and render him politically ineffective. In February 1902, McGee had hired Frank Barnett, formerly an auditor for the Post Office and the Bureau of Labor, as a bae clerk. On May 9, 1903, Barnett was arrested for embezzlement and forging the signatures of several bae employees, transferring their paychecks to bogus accounts, and fabricating bills for nonexistent services. He had withheld the paychecks of field researchers, including Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Albert Jenks, Frank Russell, James Mooney, and Jesse Walter Fewkes, used the monies for his own purposes, and then doctored the books.

Holmes began his professional career in 1875 as an artist on the Hayden Survey when Hayden sent him and photographer William Henry Jackson to southwestern Colorado to draw and photograph cliff dwellings. They created a series of plaster-of-Paris models of Southwestern ruins and pueblo villages that were the highlight of the government exhibits at the 1876 Philadelphia Exhibition along with Jackson’s photographs. Soon Holmes became a material culture specialist for the Bureau of American Ethnology, noted especially for his study of aboriginal pottery.

She was also a well-known intellectual in her own right. With McGee’s encouragement and support she earned an md from Columbian [George Washington] University’s School of Medicine in 1892 and did postgraduate work in gynecology at Johns Hopkins University. She became one of the first women to practice medicine in Virginia and Maryland but soon switched to research and building organizations. She had remarkable skills for working Washington politicians. In 1898 she founded the Army Nursing Corps and trained female nurses to serve in combat areas.

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