Australia: Nation, Belonging, and Globalization (Globalizing by Anthony Moran

By Anthony Moran

During this e-book Anthony Moran lines the advance of latest Australian society within the worldwide age, concentrating on 4 significant subject matters: settler/indigenous family; economics and tradition because the Nineteen Eighties and their impression on nationwide id; the results of accelerating variety fostered through globalization; and the transformation of Australian social house wrought via globalization.

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Extra info for Australia: Nation, Belonging, and Globalization (Globalizing Regions Series)

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Old age pensions) emerged early in the twentieth century, and the welfare state strengthened significantly after the Second World War (Castles 1985; Watts 1980). Free state education, at least at the primary school level, was an achievement of colonies before the turn of the twentieth century. Even before the postwar period, as Francis Castles (1985) has argued, Australia had developed its own distinctive form of wage-workers’ welfare state that rivaled the welfare states of Europe in its capacities to ensure that most Australians achieved a decent standard of living.

However this development was by no means unprecedented. It is arguable that the period leading up to the First World War was far more global, or “internationalized” as Weiss prefers, in terms of “trade, investment and capital flows” (Weiss 1998: 170). In the new world order post-1989, as the argument goes, the world is increasingly divided into regions of influence — Europe, the Americas, and the Asia-Pacific — following the major financial and trading blocs. In the post-Second World War period, Australia has gradually shifted its trading emphasis away from Britain and Europe, and toward its own geographical region.

41 Globalizing Australia This statist tradition was linked to, and often served, a second political tradition: economic nationalism. Indeed, notions of public ownership and state intervention in the economy, and the drive to develop Australia’s manufacturing base can be explained, at least in part, by Australians’ concern to establish national autonomy and self-sufficiency, based on their experiences of a sometimes hostile international environment. Capling et al. argue, for example, that Australians were determined that they would not again be caught out by the interruption to the flow of required goods that they experienced during the First World War.

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