By Raymond E Kirk; Donald F Othmer; Martin Grayson; David Eckroth; et al
Read Online or Download Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology Vol 14 PDF
Similar industrial & technical books
The improvement of computer-aided simulation courses for separation strategies presents engineers with priceless instruments to make extra trustworthy qualitative and quantitative judgements in plant layout and operation. Written through a expert in modeling and optimization, Multistage Separation procedures, 3rd variation clarifies the potent use of simulators via giving a conceptual research of the fabric and explaining a variety of computation suggestions.
Smoking explanations and contributes to a lot of human illnesses, but as a result of the huge variety of probably damaging compounds in cigarette smoke -- virtually 5,000 chemical compounds were pointed out, developing the hyperlink among smoking and ailment has usually proved tricky. This independent and scientifically actual assessment of present wisdom starts with an summary of the chemical components in cigarette smoke, their destiny within the human physique, and their documented poisonous results on numerous cells and tissues.
- Explosives, propellants, and pyrotechnics, Edition: 1st ed
- Ionic Liquids: Science and Applications (ACS Symposium Series)
- Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, Volume 3
- Heterogeneous Catalysts for Clean Technology: Spectroscopy, Design, and Monitoring
- Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts: Innovation and Practice
Additional resources for Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology Vol 14
4 COMBINING ALGAL GROWTH WITH CO2 FIXATION Carbon dioxide is one of the major combustion products which, once released into the air, can contribute to global climate change [96–100]. To mitigate this phenomenon, CO2 emissions into the atmosphere must be stopped by separating and capturing CO2 from coal combustion and gasification plants. As discussed in the previous sections, the algal growth needs CO2 as a carbon source. Therefore, using algae to remediate waste gases from combustion is highly attractive.
The openpond system can be easily scaled up to several acres for individual ponds and can be 31 32 CHAPTER 2 Bioreactor design for algal growth as a sustainable energy FIGURE 3 Raceway open pond. (a) A showcase made by Seambiotic, Inc. com); (b) Aerial view . converted to an indoor system by covering the pond with a layer of plastic or glass. A raceway pond is the most commonly used design for an open culture system for commercial cultivation of algae, such as Spirulina, Haematococcus, and Dunaliella.
Obviously, the pH is one of the most important factors for biomass productivity and is changed by CO2 consumption. Interestingly, with various arrangements, the polybag reactor could obtain maximum productivity in large-scale production systems and reduce operational cost. 4 Modeling of algal growth FIGURE 11 (a) Comparing algal growth and water temperature during January and July 2005. The model accurately reflects the effect of atmospheric conditions on algae growth rates and water temperature ; (b) Effect of water-column depth on algae growth and water temperature.