Mental Health Worldwide: Culture, Globalization and by S. Fernando

By S. Fernando

Offers a perceptive critique of the universalized version of psychiatry and its obvious exportation from the West to the constructing global. Rooted in special research of the issues this explanations, the publication proposes new feedback for advancing the sector of psychological healthiness in a manner that's moral, sustainable and culturally sensitive.

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529). Since then, (western) psychology and psychiatry have led the thinking around madness, mental illness and mental health—at first in the West but gradually all over the world—but only up to a point in many places (see Chapters 4, 5 and 7). To Foucault, ‘[western] psychology is always, by its very nature, at a crossroads . . between the subject and the object, between within and without, between lived experience and knowledge’ (2006, pp. 529–30). And psychiatry clings to its illness model to describe increasingly diverse types of lived experience, beliefs and behaviour.

Almost into the twentieth century, Babcock (1895), a psychiatrist from South Carolina, while claiming that mental disease was ‘almost unknown among savage tribes of Africa’, attributed the alleged ‘increase of insanity [among African Americans] since emancipation’ to the deleterious effect of freedom on ‘sluggish and uncultivated brains’ and forecast ‘a constant accumulation of [black] lunatics’ in the years to come (pp. 423–7). Dr Arrah B. Evarts (1913), a physician at the Government Hospital for the Insane in Washington DC, wrote that the high levels of mental illness among African-Americans was a result of their being unable to cope with emancipation from slavery since Africans were ‘child-like savages’ (p.

Illness experience An overarching way in which western tradition differs from others is evident in the way it handles the experience of mental health and illness. In non-western holistic traditions, subjective and objective experiences are so intertwined and interposed one into the other that they cannot be separated. But a traditional western non-holistic approach would attribute ill-health to either an external cause or an internal one, each seen as a separate entity. 1 Influence of holism on health and illness Cultural tradition Holistic Non-holistic External (objective) vs.

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